Origins & Developments

Local governments can have a comparative advantage if they choose to take Climate Action Initiative and the lead on applying climate change & energy policies, through the design, development, implementation and evaluation of concrete local climate actions.

In the Mediterranean region, Climate Action Initiative at local level is particularly needed as national policies do not respond to the hot-spot challenges and where actions should be originated and tailored to local circumstances and the need of resident constituencies.

South Mediterranean Mayors showed commitment to join the Covenant of Mayors, as 122 signatories have already joined through the previous CES-MED project and the current Clima-Med project. A short description of the CoM Med cities is provided (work in progress).

The origins of the Covenant of Mayors for the Mediterranean, CoM Med

The Covenant of Mayors for the Mediterranean, CoM Med, is an initiative funded by the European Union (EU) that brings together and supports Mediterranean local governments in their fight against climate change. It is a voluntary based initiative that allows cities to define and meet ambitious and realistic targets set by themselves in line with the Global Covenant of Mayors (GCoM) requirements and their National Determined Contributions (NDCs).

The CoM Med initiative was set up in the Mediterranean region since 2012 when the European Commission extended the Covenant of Mayors to the European Neighbourhood South Region. The CES-MED project was launched, supporting cities in joining the CoM and committing to ambitious sustainable development policies.

Building upon the key success factors of the initiative, the CoM Med was established and developed within the Clima-Med project to support local authorities in their quest to prepare and implement coherent Sustainable Energy Access and Climate Action Plans (SEACAPs) in line with COM requirements. While incorporating local climate actions and facilitating to this end collaboration among a wide range of regional, national, funding and non-state actors, it also supports partnerships and win-win cooperation between cities.

CoM Med is a regional alliance of cities and local governments from the following countries: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, as well as Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Increasingly, committed mayors and local governments across the Mediterranean are heeding the call to act with nations working towards the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement. Together with CoM Med partners, they share a long-term vision of supporting voluntary and ambitious actions to combat climate change towards an inclusive, resilient and low-emission society.

CoM Med enables cities, local governments, and the networks that support them to bridge the gap from climate ambition to action delivery. The alliance unites and inspires its stakeholders to strengthen global climate coherence, accelerate the energy transition, and generate locally tailored solutions for a common purpose: creating an inclusive, just, low-emission, and climate-resilient future for all. Backed by the European Commission, with the political support of the Special Envoy for Climate Action, the alliance is collectively united around a commitment to accelerate and implement city climate action using locally determined approaches under a principle of global coherence.

CoM Med is a member of the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy (GCoM)


CoM Med Milestones


In 2012, the European Commission extended the Covenant of Mayors to the European Neighbourhood South Region by launching the CES-MED project. “Cleaner Energy-Saving Mediterranean Cities"" (CES-MED) supported cities in joining the Covenant of Mayors and committing to ambitious sustainable development policies. CES-MED operated in Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia. |



The CES-MED project organised jointly with the European Commission the “Covenant of Mayors East-South Forum, A vector of change for the European Neighbourhood region and Central Asia” in Turkey. The Forum was a great opportunity to meet Covenant of Mayors signatories from the Neighbourhood region (East and South) and Central Asia, as well as representatives of political and financial institutions. The conference bridged the experiences of the CoM initiative from East to South boosting valuable lessons to learn and visions shared between all participants from Almaty in Kazakhstan to Salé in Morocco – the empowerment of Mayors stretches far, including Maghreb, Mashreq, Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia.



Following a High-Level Conference on climate change in the presence of the EU delegation in Morocco and the European Commission representatives, the first Covenant of Mayors in the Mediterranean Signing Ceremony took place in Skhirat. All CES-MED municipalities which had adhered to the CoM in the past, accompanied by nine new signatory municipalities from the partner countries, participated in the Ceremony. The Ceremony witnessed the participation of high-level representatives from the Mashreq and Maghreb countries.



The Clima-Med project established the Covenant of Mayors for the Mediterranean while promoting the preparation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Access and Climate Action Plans (SEACAPs) in line with CoM requirements and supporting partnerships and win-win cooperation between cities. As main platform, Clima-Med will set and operate a CoM-Med website in three languages for the region. It will provide an array of information about tools, manuals, benchmark examples, sources of funding; and a forum of exchange for applicant municipalities to share experience and join forces to conduct sustainable local climate mitigation and adaptation actions.



The Covenant of Mayors for the Mediterranean, CoM Med, and the European Union launch the formation of a new initiative of cities and local governments in the South Mediterranean region leading in the fight against climate change.

The CoM Med initiative supports participating local governments in setting ambitious climate reduction goals, taking ambitious action to meet those objectives. It promotes their voluntary action to combat climate change and move to a low-carbon economy. Cities joining this initiative have the opportunity to use one of the two reporting platforms available for cities, MyCovenant, to have their plan reviewed and validated by JRC and to consistently report the relevant data on their cities' energy and climate actions.

The CoM Med platform is open.